Politics and policy


Political System


The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for a democratic, secular and presidential system of rule. State governance is divided between executive, legislative and judicial branches. President is a head of state.


On May 21, 2007 President of Kazakhstan signed a Law amending the Constitution. These changes enlarge the power of the Parliament, enhance the role of political parties, thus transforming Kazakhstan from presidential into presidential-parliamentary republic.


Head of State: President Nursultan A. Nazarbayev.


The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan determines the main directions of the domestic and foreign policy of the state and represents Kazakhstan within the country and in international relations.


The President of the Republic is the guarantor of the unity of the people and the state power, inviolability of the Constitution, rights and freedoms of an individual and citizen.


Legislative Branch: Kazakhstan has a bicameral Parliament, which consists of the Senate (the upper house) and Majilis (House of Representative).


The 47-member Senate is made up of two elected representatives from each of Kazakhstan's 14 regions, cities of Astana and Almaty. Representatives serve terms of two, four or six years. Several members of the Senate represent the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan. The Senate is empowered to adopt laws in the period of temporal absence of the Majilis or due to termination of its tenure. Chairman of the Senate - Mr. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev.


Majilis. 98 members of the Majilis are elected in accordance with the proportional electoral system (party lists), 9 – by the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan in order to take into account the interests of the major ethnic groups. Deputies of Majilis serve a term of six years. The early elections to Majiilis are scheduled for 20 March, 2016.


Government is the supreme executive body of Kazakhstan. Prime-Minister, head of the Government, is appointed by the President after consultations with political fractions of the Parliament and upon approval by the majority of the members of the Mazhilis. The Prime-Minister shall represent the political party having majority in the Parliament.


The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan


(as of February 23, 2016) 


Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Karim Massimov


First Deputy Prime Minister - Bakytzhan Sagyntayev


Deputy Prime Minister – Dariga Nazarbayeva


Minister of Foreign Affairs - Erlan Idrissov


Minister of Defense - Imangali Tasmagambetov


Minister of Internal Affairs - Kalmukhanbet Kassymov


Minister of Justice - Berik Imashev


Minister of Agriculture - Assylzhan Mamytbekov 


Minister of Education and Science – Yerlan Sagadiyev 


Minister of Finance - Bakhyt Sultanov


Minister of Investment and Development - Asset Issekeshev


Minister of Health and Social Development – Tamara Duissenova


Minister of Culture and Sport - Arystanbek Mukhamediuly


Minister of Energy – Vladimir Shkolnik  


Minister of National Economy - Yerbolat Dosayev


Minister of Economic Integration - Zhanar Aitzhanova 


Minister of Civil Service Affairs - Talgat Donakov


Judicial branch:


The legal system of Kazakhstan owes its origin to the Continental (Roman-German) legal family. The Constitution, respective normative legal acts, international treaties, as well as the normative resolutions of the Constitutional Council, and Supreme Court of Kazakhstan constitute the actual law in Kazakhstan. The international treaties ratified by Kazakhstan generally have priority over its laws and, such treaties can either apply directly/automatically, or, after the adoption of a law where the treaty itself provides that, for its application, a law must be adopted.


Judicial functions are exercised only by courts of law. Judicial functions are exercised by application of civil, criminal and other forms of judicial proceedings as established by law. The courts of the Republic are as follows: the Supreme Court and local courts of law of the Republic.


Arbitration mechanisms exist in Kazakhstan. In December 2004 Kazakhstan has adopted Laws “On international commercial arbitrage” and “On courts of arbitration” to provide alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.


Constitutional Council has a major role in considering disputes on conducting elections. The Council examines the conformity of the laws to the Constitution.


It provides with official interpretation of the Constitutional norms; drwas the conclusions of the observance of the established constitutional proceedings.

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